Yomiyasusa Level, a Reading Level For Japanese Students

 

Akio Furukawa

June 21, 2007

 

Yomiyasusa Level (YL), started by Akio Furukawa of SSS Group in 2003, is a newly established way to measure the reading level of English books. SSS Group, in cooperation with Japan Extensive Reading Association, whose chair is Professor Minami Kanda at Heisei Kokusai University, develops YL to appeal to the learners of English as a foreign language in 100 levels.

Factors like i‚Œlustrations, the backgrounds of the books, the size of fonts and different text styles will affect the reading level of the books. Website URL: http://www.seg.co.jp/sss/word_count/ bookguide2/ 2007-YL_Table.xls and the gA Perfect Book Guide For Extensive Readingh (gEigo Tadoku Kanzen Book Guide (In Japanese)h written by Furukawa, Kanda and al., published from Cosmopier Publisher. in 2005) indicate the YL, which is renewed every year after getting feedback from English teachers and learners.

More than 10,000 books including Graded Readers from major publishers are evaluated in 100 levels from 0.0 to 9.9.

The followings are some examples of YL.

YL 0.0: Readable without the knowledge of English language.

YL 1.0: Readable to learners of English with more than 80 hours of studying.

YL 3.0: Childrenfs books of about 10,000 words length.

YL 7.0: Paperbacks (Stories) for adults.

YL 8.0: More difficult paperbacks

  In the SSS Extensive Reading Method, which Start with Simple Stories promote, we suggest that you start reading from the easiest picture books and gradually move to higher levels. Often in classes, there are many more skills you teach beside extensive reading. For example, grammar, intensive reading, conversation, writing, and TOEIC. Whereas the Extensive Reading will not be affected by the levels of other skills as above, it needs its own levels to progress. Often at Japanese schools, intensive reading classes give students English knowledge but it does not mean that the students acquire the language at that level. Being exposed to a large amount of reading time, students will be able to acquire the language.

The amounts of reading we recommend are as follows:

Up to 100,000 words:

  YL 0.0-0.9              20,000 words

  YL 1.0-1.9    80,000 words

From 100,000 words to 300,000 words:

YL 0.0-0.9     5,000 words

YL 1.0-1.9    15,000 words

YL 2.0-2.9   200,000 words

YL 3.0-3.9   100,000 words

From 3000,000 words to 1,000,000 words:

YL 0.0-0.9     5,000 words

  YL 1.0-1.9    15,000 words

YL 2.0-2.9   200,000 words

YL 3.0-3.9   400,000 words

  YL 4.0-4.9    80,000 words

From 1,000,000 words to 3,000,000 words:

YL 0.0-0.9    10,000 words

YL 1.0-1.9    40,000 words

YL 2.0-2.9   150,000 words

YL 3.0-3.9   400,000 words

  YL 4.0-4.9   400,000 words

  YL 5.0-5.9    500,000words

  YL 6.0-7.9    500,000words

 

This table is not absolute for all students. But in our experience, if students increase their reading level more quickly than the table recommends, most of them stop reading because they become stressed from reading.. We strongly suggest that students gradually raise the level of the books so that they will not become stressed from reading.


 

 

 

YL Table for Main Graded Readers

 

21-Jun-07

SSS YL

Abbr.iHead Words Level jEseries titleElevel

Total Words

Comment

YL 0.6

FRL1(75) Foundations Reading Library Level 1

500-620

@

YL 0.7

FRL2(100) Foundations Reading Library Level 2

640-760

@

YL 0.8

MMR1(300) Macmillan Readers Starter

500-600

@

YL 0.8

MNW1(300) Macmillan New Wave Readers Level 1

600-800

@

YL 0.8

FRL3(150) Foundations Reading Library Level 3

680-900

@

YL 0.8-0.9

OBW0(250) Oxford Bookworms Starters

700-1500

Comics are YL0.8.

YL 0.8-0.9

PGR0(200) Penguin Readers Easystarts

900-1000

@

YL 0.9-1.0

FRL4(200) Foundations Reading Library Level 4

1270-1710

@

YL 1.0-1.1

FRL5(250) Foundations Reading Library Level 5

1120-1710

@

YL 1.1-1.2

FRL6(300) Foundations Reading Library Level 6

1100-2500

@

YL 1.2-1.4

CER0(250) Cambridge English Readers Starter

1900-2100

@

YL 1.2-1.4

MNW2(600) Macmillan New Wave Readers Level 2

1000-1100

@

YL 1.2-1.4

FRL7(350) Foundations Reading Library Level 7

1100-2500

@

YL 1.2-1.4

PGR1(300) Penguin Readers@Level 1

1300-4400

YL depends on length.

YL 1.2-1.4

MMR2(600) Macmillan Readers Beginner

2000-3000

(Original )

YL 1.4-1.6

CER1(400) Cambridge English Readers Level 1

3400-4800

@

YL 1.6-1.8

MMR2+(600) Macmillan Readers Beginner

5000-6000

(Classic )

YL 1.8-2.0

OFF1(400) Oxford Factfiles Stage 1

3000-3400

@

YL 2.0-2.2

OBW1(400) Oxford Bookworms Stage 1

4800-7300

@

YL 2.2-2.6

PGR2(600) Penguin Readers Level 2

3500-11000

@

YL 2.4-2.6

MNW3(1100) Macmillan New Wave Readers Level 3

2000-2200

@

YL 2.6-2.8

OFF2(700) Oxford Factfiles Stage 2

3600-4200

@

YL 2.6-2.8

OBW2(700) Oxford Bookworms Stage 2

5400-8500

@

YL 2.6-2.8

CER2(800) Cambridge English Readers Level 2

8200-10000

@

YL 3.0-3.2

MNW4(1600) Macmillan New Wave Readers Level 4

3000

@

YL 3.0-3.2

MMR3(1100) Macmillan Readers Elementary

7600-13000

@

YL 3.2-3.4

OFF3(1000) Oxford Factfiles Stage 3

5600-6300

@

YL 3.2-3.4

OBW3(1000) Oxford Bookworms Stage 3

7800-11000

@

YL 3.2-3.8

PGR3(1200) Penguin Readers Level 3

5600-21000

@

YL 3.4-3.6

MNW5(2200) Macmillan New Wave Readers Level 5

6000

@

YL 3.6-3.8

CER3(1300) Cambridge English Readers Level 3

13000-16000

@

YL 3.6-4.0

MMR4(1400) Macmillan Readers Pre-intermediate

8000-20000

@

YL 3.6-4.0

MMR5(1600) Macmillan Readers Intermediate

8600-23000

@

YL 3.8-4.2

OBW4(1400) Oxford Bookworms Stage 4

14000-22000

@

YL 3.8-4.2

OFF4(1400) Oxford Factfiles Stage 4

8800-9000

@

YL 4.0-5.0

PGR4(1700) Penguin Readers Level 4

12000-42000

@

YL 4.5-5.0

MMR6(2200) Macmillan Readers Upper

15000-25000

@

YL 4.5-5.0

CER4(1900) Cambridge English Readers Level 4

17000-2000

@

YL 4.5-5.0

OBW5(1800) Oxford Bookworms Stage 5

18000-24000

@

YL 5.0-6.0

PGR5(2300) Penguin Readers Level 5

14000-46000

@

YL 5.5-6.0

CER5(2800) Cambridge English Readers Level 5

19000-26000

@

YL 5.5-6.0

OBW6(2500) Oxford Bookworms Stage 6

21000-31000

@

YL 6.0-6.5

CER6(3800) Cambridge English Readers Level 6

26000-34000

@

YL 6.0-7.0

PGR6(3000) Penguin Readers Level 6

22000-34000

@

 


 

 

YL Table for Children's Readers and Paperbacks

@2007/6/21

SSSYL

Abbr.iHead Words Level jEseries titleElevel

Total Words

YL0.0

LLL0 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Foundation Step

0

YL0.0

ORT1 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 1

0-20

YL0.1

LLL1 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 1

15-30

YL0.1-0.2

ORT1+ Oxford Reading Tree Stage 1+

30-40

YL0.1-0.3

SCR1 Scholastic Readers Level 1

30-350

YL0.2

ORT2 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 2

20-70

YL0.2

LLL2 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 2

30-70

YL0.2

SWR Sight Word Readers

20-50

YL0.2

CSB1 Cambridge Storybooks Level 1

25-50

YL0.2-0.3

LSR Longman Shared Reading

50-100

YL0.2-0.3

SIR1 Step into Reading Step 1

50-150

YL0.2-0.4

CPF1 Clifford Phonics Fun Pack1

26-113

YL0.3

ORT3 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 3

70-80

YL0.3

LLL3 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 3

60-110

YL0.3

AAR0 All Aboard Rading Picture Books

150-200

YL0.3

ICR0 My First I Can Read Books

80-130

YL0.3

RTR0 Ready-to-Read Pre-Level1

30-100

YL0.3-0.4

CTP1 Creative Teaching Press Level1

20-100

YL0.3-0.5

PYR1 Penguin Young Readers Level 1

80-300

YL0.3-0.5

100English

50

YL0.3-0.6

PER1 Puffin Easy-to-Read Level 1

80-450

YL0.4

ORT4 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 4

100-200

YL0.4

LLL4 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 4

150-200

YL0.4

AWBL Addison Wesley Big & Little Books

150-400

YL0.4

OCT1 Oxford Classic Tales Beginner 1

400

YL0.4-0.5

CSB2 Cambridge Storybooks Level 2

80-240

YL0.4-0.6

SCR2 Scholastic Readers Level 2

250-500

YL0.4-0.6

SIR2 Step into Reading Step 2

250-350

YL0.4-0.6

CTP2 Creative Teaching Press Level2

80-250

YL0.4-0.6

RTR1 Ready-to-Read Level1

100-700

YL0.4-0.8

AAR1 All Aboard Rading Level 1

100-700

YL0.4-0.8

ICR1 I Can Read Books Level 1

100-900

YL0.5

ORT5 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 5

300-350

YL0.5-0.6

CSB3 Cambridge Storybooks Level 3

80-240

YL0.5-0.7

Curious George iShort Stories)

340-700

YL0.5-1.0

TDR Time to Discover Readers

120-200

YL0.6

ORT6 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 6

450-700

YL0.6

LLL5 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 5

270-350

YL0.6

DKR1 DK Readers Level 1

600-700

YL0.6-1.0

RTR2 Ready-to-Read Level2

600-800

YL0.7

ORT7 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 7

900-1000

YL0.7

LLL6 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 6

460-600

YL0.7-1.0

PYR2 Penguin Young Readers Level 2

250-500

YL0.8

OCT2 Oxford Classic Tales Beginner 2

800-1000

YL0.8

PGR0(200) Penguin Readers Easystarts

1000

YL0.8-1.2

AAR2 All Aboard Reading Level 2

500-1500

YL0.8-1.2

PER2 Puffin Easy-to-Read Level 2

500-1500

YL0.8-1.2

Gaspard and Lisa

300-400

YL0.9

ORT8 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 8

900-1200

YL0.9

DKR2 DK Readers Level 2

800-1000

YL0.9-1.4

SIR3 Step into Reading Step 3

500-1500

YL1.0

LLL7 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 7

600-750

YL1.0

ORT9 Oxford Reading Tree Stage 9

1200-1500

YL1.0-1.4

PGR1(300) Penguin Readers@level 1

1300-4400

YL1.0-1.4

BRR Big Red Reader (Clifford)

300-600

YL1.0-1.4

Poppleton

700-850

YL1.0-1.6

Curious George iOriginals)

1300-2500

YL1.2-1.6

PYR3 Penguin Young Reader Level 3

700-1400

YL1.2-1.6

ICR2 I Can Read Books Level 2

1500-2000

YL1.2-1.6

Mr.Putter & Tabby

600-900

YL1.2-1.6

Ricky Ricotta Might Robot

2000

YL1.2-1.6

LLL8 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 8

750-900

YL1.2-1.6

LLL9 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 9

900-1100

YL1.4-1.6

SCR3 Scholastic Readers Level 3

1200-2100

YL1.4-1.8

RTR3 Ready-to-Read Level3

1000-2800

YL1.4-1.8

Nate the Great

1600-2000

YL1.4-1.8

Usborne Young Reading Level 1

1600-2000

YL1.4-2.0

SIR4 Step into Reading Step 4

1300-3000

YL1.6-2.0

AAR3 All Aboard Reading Level@3

1500-5000

YL1.6-2.0

ICR3 I Can Read Books Level 3

1600-2100

YL1.6-2.0

Usborne Young Reading Level 2

1600-2600

YL1.6-2.0

PER3 Puffin Easy-to-Read Level 3

1000-3000

YL1.6-2.0

LLL10 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 10

1300-1700

YL1.8-2.0

DKR3 DK Readers Level 3

2000-2500

YL1.8-2.0

PYR4 Penguin Young Reader Level 4

2000-3000

YL1.8-2.2

ICR4 I Can Read Books Level 4

1800-3000

YL2.0-2.5

SCR4 Scholastic Readers Level 4

2200-5800

YL2.0-2.5

SIR5 Step into Reading Step 5

3000-4800

YL2.0-2.5

DKR4 DK Readers Level 4

3000-4800

YL2.0-2.5

The Enormous Crocodile

3000

YL2.0-2.5

The Rainbow Magic

4000-5000

YL2.0-2.5

Franny K. Stein

4000-5000

YL2.0-3.0

LLL11,12 Longman Literacy Land Story Street Step 11,12

2300-5200

YL2.0-3.0

Cobble Street Cousins

3000-4000

YL2.0-3.0

Flat Stanley

4000-7000

YL2.2-2.6

PGR2(600) Penguin Readers level 2

3500-11000

YL2.2-3.2

My Weird School

5000-6000

YL2.5-3.0

Marvin Redpost

4600-8000

YL2.5-3.5

Horrid Henry

5000-7000

YL2.5-3.5

Jake Drake

8000-13000

YL2.5-3.5

Julian Stories

6000-12000

YL2.5-3.5

Lizzie Zipmouth

7000

YL2.5-3.5

Lotta on Troublemaker Street

5200

YL2.5-3.5

Magic Tree House

4700-6000

YL2.8-3.8

My Father's Dragon

6800-7400

YL2.8-4.5

Captain Underpants

5000-7000

YL3.0-3.5

A to Z Mysteries

8000-9000

YL3.0-4.0

Catwings

3000-5000

YL3.0-4.0

Esio Trot

4200

YL3.0-4.0

Fantastic Mr. Fox

9100

YL3.0-4.0

Geronimo Stilton

9000-12000

YL3.0-4.0

Judy Moody

9000-12000

YL3.0-4.0

Nancy Drew Notebooks

9000-10000

YL3.0-4.0

Sarah, Plain and Tall

8300

YL3.0-4.0

Sleepovers

14000

YL3.0-4.0

Stone Fox

8900

YL3.0-4.0

The Cat Mummy

9000

YL3.0-4.0

The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me

6800

YL3.0-4.0

The Magic Finger

3600

YL3.0-4.0

The Secrets of Droon

7000-10000

YL3.0-4.0

The Zack Files

7500-12000

YL3.2-3.8

PGR3(1200) Penguin Readers level 3

5600-21000

YL3.5-4.5

Frindle

16000

YL3.5-4.5

Goosebumps

20000

YL3.5-4.5

Little House in the Big Woods

33000

YL3.5-4.5

Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing

23000

YL4.0-5.0

PGR4(1700) Penguin Readers level 4

12000-42000

YL4.0-5.0

Beezus and Ramona

22000

YL4.5-5.5

Dog's Don't Tell Jokes

32000

YL4.5-5.5

Jonny's in the Basement

25000

YL4.5-5.5

Sideways Stories from Wayside School

20000

YL4.5-5.5

Sixth Grade Secrets

35000

YL4.5-5.5

Someday Angeline

28000

YL4.5-5.5

There's a Boy in the Girls' Bathroom

35000

YL4.5-5.5

Anastasia krupnik

21000

YL4.5-5.5

A Series of Unfortunate Events

25000-40000

YL4.5-5.5

Number the Stars

26000

YL4.5-5.5

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

30000

YL4.5-5.5

George's Marvelous Medicine

12000

YL4.5-5.5

James and the Giant Peach

28000

YL5.0-6.0

PGR5(2300) Penguin Readers level 5

14000-46000

YL5.0-6.0

Animorphs

30000

YL5.0-6.0

Darren Shan

40000

YL5.0-6.0

Deltora Quest

25000-30000

YL5.0-6.0

Rowan of Rin

30000-40000

YL5.0-6.0

The Boy Who Lost His Face

39000

YL5.0-6.0

Bad Girls

31000

YL5.0-6.0

Double Act

34000

YL5.0-6.0

The Suitcase Kid

29000

YL5.0-6.0

Matilda

40000

YL5.0-6.0

The Witches

37000

YL5.5-6.5

Holes

47000

YL5.5-6.5

Dustbin Baby

38000

YL5.5-6.5

Girls in Love

33000

YL6.0-7.0

The Illustrated Mum

71000

YL6.0-7.0

PGR6(3000) Penguin Readers level 6

22000-34000

YL6.0-7.0

The Sky is Falling

100000

YL6.0-7.5

Harry Potter

76000-260000

YL7.0-8.0

The Firm

148000

YL7.0-8.0

Da Vinch Code

138000

YL7.0-8.0

A Wizard of Earthsea

61000

YL8.0-9.0

The Silence of the Lamb

114000

YL8.0-9.0

Postmortem

101000

YL8.0-9.0

Howl's Moving Castle

75000

YL8.0-9.0

The Fellowship of the RingiThe Lord of the Ringsj

195000